Since Democrats and President Biden passed the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), Republicans have voted 31 times to repeal the landmark climate and clean energy plan and other provisions of the law. There have been 19 votes on the House floor and 12 votes in committees and subcommittees.

H.R. 1141 – Natural Gas Tax Repeal Act

IRA Attack: The Natural Gas Tax Repeal Act would repeal the Methane Emissions Reduction Program (MERP) included in the Inflation Reduction Act, which charges a gradual fee on excess methane pollution from oil and gas producers and pipeline operators. Cutting methane emissions is a critical way to address climate change in the short term. Rep. Pfluger (R-TX), the sponsor of the legislation, said the bill would “strike [Biden’s] reckless new tax on American energy producers,” which he claimed hinders innovation for technologies that reduce emissions. 

  1. February 28, 2023: The House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Environment, Manufacturing, and Critical Minerals approved H.R. 1141 by a vote of 13 to 7.
  2. March 9, 2023: The House Energy and Commerce Committee approved H.R. 1141 by a vote of 26 to 21. 

H.R. 1023 – To repeal section 134 of the Clean Air Act, relating to the greenhouse gas reduction fund.

IRA Attack: H.R. 1023 would repeal section 134 of the Clean Air Act, which relates to the $27 billion Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund established by the Inflation Reduction Act. The fund implemented three grant competitions; the $14 billion National Clean Investment Fund, the $6 billion Clean Communities Investment Accelerator, and the $7 billion Solar for All competition. 

  1. February 28, 2023: The House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Environment, Manufacturing, and Critical Minerals approved H.R. 1023 by a vote of 11 to 6. 
  2. March 9, 2023: The House Energy and Commerce Committee approved H.R. 1023 by a vote of 27 to 21. 
  3. March 22, 2024: The House passed H.R. 1023 (House Vote #104) by a vote of 209 to 204. The legislation also included language from H.R. 1141 to repeal the Methane Emissions Reduction Program (MERP), which charges a fee for methane emissions from oil and gas producers and pipeline operators.
    1. July 12, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 1085 (House Vote #89).
    2. July 12, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 1085, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 1023 (House Vote #90).

H.R. 1603 – Homeowner Energy Freedom Act

IRA Attack: The Homeowner Energy Freedom Act would repeal a set of programs that provide rebates and training for energy-efficient appliances included in the Inflation Reduction Act. 

  1. March 24, 2023: The House Energy and Commerce Committee approved H.R. 1603 by a vote of 27 to 22. 

H.R.1 – Lower Energy Costs Act

IRA Attack: The Lower Energy Costs Act, dubbed the “Polluters Over People Act,” would repeal multiple climate programs made possible by the Inflation Reduction Act, including the Methane Emissions Reduction Program (MERP), which charges a fee for methane emissions from oil and gas producers and pipeline operators. It would repeal the $27 billion Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund, the $4.5 billion High-Efficiency Electric Home Rebate Program, $200 million in State-Based Home Efficiency Contractor Training Grants, and $1 billion for Technical Assistance for Building Energy Codes. In addition, the Polluters Over People Act would roll back royalty fees on oil and gas production on federal lands to pre-IRA standards.

  1. March 30, 2023: The House passed H.R. 1 (House Vote #182) by a vote of 225 to 204.
    1. March 28, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 260 (House Vote #165).
    2. March 28, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 260, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 1 (House Vote #166).

H.R. 2811 – Limit, Save, Grow Act of 2023

IRA Attack: The Limit, Save, Grow Act of 2023 – Republicans’ attempt to raise the debt ceiling dubbed the “Default on America Act” – would cut billions of dollars from nearly every climate, environmental justice, and clean energy tax incentive included in the Inflation Reduction Act. 

  1. April 26, 2023: The House passed H.R. 2811 (House Vote #199) by a vote of 217 to 215.
    1. April 26, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 327 (House Vote #195).
    2. April 26, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 327, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 2811 (House Vote #196).

H.R. 3938 – Build It In America Act

IRA Attack: The Build It in America Act would repeal clean electricity production and investment credits included in the Inflation Reduction Act. Rep. Neal (D-MA), Ranking Member of the House Ways and Means Committee, called the bill a “tax scam” that would “double down on denying climate change” while also “twist[ing] the knife with a $10 billion handout to Big Oil.”

  1. June 13, 2023: The House Ways and Means Committee approved H.R. 3938 by a vote of 24 to 18.

H.R. 2670 – National Defense Authorization Act 

IRA Attack: The FY 2024 National Defense Authorization Act included an amendment that would prevent funds from being used for Executive Order 14082, relating to implementing the energy and infrastructure provisions of the IRA.

  1. July 14, 2023: The House agreed to H.Amdt. 255 (House Vote #326) by a vote of 217 to 216. 
  2. July 14, 2023: The House passedH.R. 2670 (House Vote #328), as amended, by a vote of 219 to 210.
    1. July 12, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 582 (House Vote #292).
    2. July 12, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 582, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 2670 (House Vote #294).

FY 2024 Appropriations Bills

H.R. 4366 – Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act included an amendment that would prevent funds from being used for Executive Order 14082, relating to implementing the energy and infrastructure provisions of the IRA.

  1. July 26, 2023: The House agreed to H.Amdt. 302 (House Vote #377) by a vote of 220 to 214. 
  2. July 27, 2023: The House passedH.R. 4366 (House Vote #380), as amended, by a vote of 219 to 211.
    1. July 26, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 614 (House Vote #367).
    2. July 26, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 614, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 4366 (House Vote #368).

H.R. 4365 – Department of Defense

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Department of Defense Appropriations Bill included an amendment that would prevent funds from being used for Executive Order 14082, relating to implementing the energy and infrastructure provisions of the IRA.

  1. September 28, 2023: The House passedH.R. 4365 (House Vote #502) by a vote of 218 to 210.
    1. The House agreed to H.Amdt. 384 by voice vote.
    2. September 28, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 730 (House Vote #456).
    3. September 28, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 730, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 4365 (House Vote #457).

H.R. 4367 – Department of Homeland Security

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act included an amendment that would prevent funds from being used for Executive Order 14082, relating to implementing the energy and infrastructure provisions of the IRA.

  1. September 28, 2023: The House passedH.R. 4367 (House Vote #505) by a vote of 220 by 208.
    1. The House agreed to H.Amdt. 433 by voice vote.
    2. September 28, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 730 (House Vote #456).
    3. September 28, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 730, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 4367 (House Vote #457).

H.R. 4368 – Agriculture, Rural Development, and Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies 

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Bill would rescind $3.25 billion from a rural clean energy program created by the Inflation Reduction Act. It would also rescind most of the funding provided in the IRA for farmers experiencing discrimination in USDA farm lending programs, cut $500 million from the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP), and make deep cuts to water and waste grants.  

  1. June 14, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved the 2nd amendment to H.R.4368, which would reduce the funding for clean energy programs in the IRA from $3.25 billion to $1 billion, by a vote of 33 to 26.  
  2. June 14, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved the 4th amendment to H.R.4368, which would weaken REAP by requiring the remaining funds provided in the IRA to be available as loans rather than grants, by a vote of 34 to 27.
  3. June 14, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved H.R. 4368 by a vote of 34 to 27.
  4. September 28, 2023: The House failed to passH.R. 4368 (House Voted #507) with 191 Republicans voting in favor.
    1. September 26, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 723 (House Vote #405).
    2. September 26, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 723, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 4368 (House Vote #406).

H.R. 4394 – Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Bill would rescind $5.58 billion from the Inflation Reduction Act, including the $4.5 billion High-Efficiency Electric Home Rebate Program, $200 million in State-Based Home Efficiency Contractor Training Grants, and $1 billion allocated to Technical Assistance for Building Energy Codes. In addition, the bill would redirect IRA funding from the Department of Energy to the Office of Inspector General.

  1. June 22, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved H.R. 4394 by a vote of 34 to 24. 
  2. October 26, 2023: The House failed to pass the 60th amendment to H.R. 4394 (House Vote #556). The amendment would prevent funds from being used for Executive Order 14082, relating to implementing the energy and infrastructure provisions of the IRA. 
  3. October 26, 2023: The House approved H.R. 4394 (House Vote #558) by a vote of 210 to 199.
    1. October 3, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res.756 (House Vote #516).
    2. October 3, 2023: The House passed H.Res.756, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 4394 (House Vote #517).

H.R. 4664 – Financial Services and General Government

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Financial Services and General Government Bill would rescind $29 billion for a two-year extension of IRS Enforcement funding provided in the IRA.

  1. July 13, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved H.R. 4664 by a vote of 34 to 26.

H.R. 4665 – State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs 

IRA Attack: The FY2024 State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Bill would rescind $11 billion from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund established by the Inflation Reduction Act. The White House issued a statement condemning H.R. 4665 for including billions in recissions of the IRA, adding that President Biden would veto the bill.

  1. July 12, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved H.R. 4665 by a vote of 32 to 27. 
  2. September 28, 2023: The House agreed to adopt H.Amdt. 479 to H.R. 4665 (House Vote #492), which would prevent funds from being used for Executive Order 14082, relating to implementing the energy and infrastructure provisions of the IRA, by a vote of 216 to 213. 
  3. September 28, 2023: The House passedH.R. 4665 (House Vote #500) by a vote of 216 to 212.
    1. September 26, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 723 (House Vote #405).
    2. September 26, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 723, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 4665 (House Vote #406).

H.R. 4820 – Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Bill would rescind over $25 billion of IRS enforcement funding provided in the IRA.

  1. July 18, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved H.R. 4820 by a vote of 34 to 27. 

H.R. 4821 – Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies

IRA Attack: The FY2024 Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Bill would rescind $7.8 billion from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund and $1.4 billion in Environmental and Climate Justice funding included in the Inflation Reduction Act. It would also rescind $55 million from the Council on Environmental Quality. 

  1. July 19, 2023: The House Appropriations Committee approved H.R. 4821 by a vote of 33 to 27.
  2. November 3, 2023: The House agreed to adopt H.Amdt. 600 to H.R. 4821 (House Vote #593), which would prohibit the use of funds to implement a section of the IRA relating to increasing oil and gas royalty rates, by a vote of 214 to 204. 
  3. November 3, 2023: The House agreed to adopt the 127th amendment to H.R. 4821 (House Vote #595), which would prohibit funding to implement Executive Order 14082, relating to implementing the energy and infrastructure provisions of the IRA, by a vote of 208 to 207. 
  4. November 3, 2023: The House passedH.R. 4821 (House Vote #597), as amended, by a vote of 213 to 203.
    1. November 2, 2023: The House voted to order the previous question for H.Res. 838 (House Vote #565).
    2. November 2, 2023: The House passed H.Res. 838, a rule to provide consideration for H.R. 4821 (House Vote #566).

A Note On This Memo

This memo will be updated monthly as new votes are cast. 

Methodology: For this tracker, we compiled votes taken in the 118th Congress that included language to repeal Inflation Reduction Act provisions or rescind funding allocated by the IRA. We included votes on both amendments and bills made on the House Floor, in Committees and Subcommittees. Resolution votes were not included in the final count.